Canadians are being called to “own your own truth” when it comes to the country’s history and treatment of Indigenous people on the first National Day for Truth and Reconciliation.
The day was made a federal statutory holiday earlier this year, as the Truth and Reconciliation Commission recommended in its 94 calls to action. It will be held annually on Sept. 30.
It honours the children who died while being forced to attend residential schools and the survivors, families and communities still affected by the system’s legacy.
Hundreds gathered at a ceremony held on Parliament Hill to mark the day.
Wakerakatste Louise McDonald Herne, a condoled Bear Clan Mother for the Mohawk Nation Council, called on Canadians to “know the history of this country and the corruption it was built upon.”
“You need to correct the wrongs and you have to own your own truth,” she said.
Algonquin Elder Claudette Commanda echoed Herne’s call, saying the discovery of unmarked graves near former residential schools sites has awakened the country to its history.
“Two-hundred and fifteen little voices woke the country, 215 voices spoke to the world,” Ms. Commanda said in reference to the 215 unmarked graves that were first discovered near a former residential school site in Kamloops, B.C., this spring. That number was later revised down to 200, however, hundreds of more graves have been found since near other former school sites.
Ms. Commanda called on Canadians to open their hearts and listen to the truth in order to move forward with reconciliation.
“Take this beautiful gift we are offering you; learn, listen and we will walk together to turn this country into a beautiful country for all our children,” she said while fighting back tears.
At a separate ceremony at the Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc Nation, near the Kamloops residential school where the initial discovery of 200 unmarked graves was made, Assembly of First Nations National Chief RoseAnne Archibald said acknowledging the past is only a first step toward reconciliation.
“True reconciliation is about learning, sharing and growing as a country,” she said.
“The more we know about where we come from, and our shared history and our responsibilities, the better we can address current challenges and find our healing path forward together.”
Queen Elizabeth released a statement Thursday acknowledging “the work that remains to heal and to continue to build an inclusive society.”
“I join with all Canadians on this first National Day for Truth and Reconciliation to reflect on the painful history that Indigenous peoples endured in residential schools in Canada,” the Queen’s statement said.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also released a statement encouraging Canadians to reflect on the impacts and legacy of residential schools, specifically pointing to the hundreds of unmarked graves near former school sites that have been discovered this year.
“The tragic locating of unmarked graves at former residential school sites across the country has reminded us of not only the impacts of colonialism and the harsh realities of our collective past but also the work that is paramount to advancing reconciliation in Canada,” the statement said.
Conservative Leader Erin O’Toole released a statement saying more work still needs to be done to address the “devastating and harmful effects” of the residential school system.
“In order for Canada to reach its full potential as a nation, reconciliation must be central to these efforts. This starts with public commemoration, education and conversations about the painful and lasting impacts of residential schools,” he said in his statement.
NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh took part in a truth and reconciliation march in Vancouver.
Governor-General Mary May Simon, the first Indigenous person to sit in that role, said today is an opportunity for Canadians to face “uncomfortable truths.”
“As we strive to acknowledge the horrors of the past, the suffering inflicted on Indigenous peoples, let us all stand side-by-side with grace and humility, and work together to build a better future for all,” she said in a statement.
Sept. 30 is also Orange Shirt Day, which remembers the story of Phyllis Webstad, a former residential school student who had her orange shirt taken away on her first day at residential school.
Across the country, people are encouraged to wear orange to spread awareness, support and Indigenous-run business or organization if they can, and take time to learn and reflect.
This post is also available in: Tiếng Việt