El Salvador Becomes First Country to Adopt Bitcoin as Legal Tender

El Salvador’s congress on Wednesday approved legislation that allows bitcoin to be used as legal tender, becoming the first country in the world to do so.

The legislative assembly’s vote fulfills a promise President Nayib Bukele made over the weekend to introduce the bill, which will allow the cryptocurrency to be used for all forms of payment in the Central American country — including taxes.

“In the short term this will generate jobs and help provide financial inclusion to thousands outside the formal economy,” Bukele said in a video shown at the Bitcoin 2021 conference in Miami on Saturday and posted to his Twitter account.

“In the medium and long term, we hope that this small decision can help us push humanity at least a tiny bit into the right direction.”

The U.S. dollar is El Salvador’s official currency. About one-quarter of El Salvador’s citizens live in the United States and last year, despite the COVID-19 pandemic, they sent home more than $6 billion in remittances.

President Bukele in subsequent messages on Twitter noted that bitcoin could be “the fastest-growing way” to transfer those remittances. He said that a big chunk of those money transfers was currently lost to intermediaries, and with bitcoin more than a million low-income families could benefit.

He also said 70% of El Salvador’s population does not have a bank account and works in the informal economy. Bitcoin could improve financial inclusion, he said.

“This will improve lives and the future of millions,” said Bukele, while calling the move “a moral imperative.”

Under the legislation, prices can be displayed in both U.S. dollar and bitcoin amounts across the country. The U.S. dollar will still serve as the default currency for reference, and exchange rates for bitcoin will be determined by the free market.

Bitcoin is struggling to recover from a month of market losses in May that totalled roughly 40 percent, marking its worst monthly performance since September 2011.

Its drop was triggered by China’s efforts to crack down on mining and trading of cryptocurrencies, and Tesla’s move to halt payments over environmental concerns over the energy used to mine it.

Yet cryptocurrency advocates have welcomed El Salvador’s move.


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